Despite being a Federal Republic, Nigeria practice a unitary system of government which gives the federal government overreaching powers. Prior to the creation of the present day state of affairs in 1967, Nigeria had four regions under the 1963 constitutional arrangements (Western Nigeria, Northern Nigeria, Eastern Nigeria and Mid-Western Nigeria).
The call for restructuring is nothing new but has become a growing concern amid political uncertainties, economic stress and reoccurring violence across the country. Groups from the south, which have long championed the call for restructuring, are particularly vocal for regional economic development and decentralizing the centralized political power.
The former President Goodluck Jonathan said “As a country, we have our challenges and we should devise means of solving them, but we should not continue to vent our spleen on the amalgamation. As Shakespeare in Julius Caesar said, the fault is not in our stars, but in us. My conviction is that discussions on restructuring will not help except we restructure our minds.”